正高职称
姓名 蒋汉朝
性别:
电话 010-62009082
Email: hcjiang@ies.ac.cn

 

理学博士,研究员,博士生导师,科研处处长。主要从事新生代湖相沉积物的气候与环境事件研究工作,概括起来有以下三方面:

1)建立了宁夏固原寺口子长序列的湖相沉积剖面的新近纪磁性地层年代框架,通过孢粉、粒度、碳含量、色度等指标的大量样品分析,揭示了新生代近2/3时间的古气候和古环境演化受全球温度变化的主宰,将东亚冬季风和夏季风演化历史较早地由8-7 Ma向前延伸到20 Ma;2)识别并分别探讨了东亚四次(~12 Ma, 8-7 Ma,~4 Ma和~1 Ma)显著的古环境事件与极地冰量增加、青藏高原隆升、中美地峡关闭等重大全球变化之间的关联;3)针对青藏高原东缘连续湖相沉积,从高分辨率沉积指标变化机理、软沉积物变形机制、树轮和孢粉植物群变化对历史地震事件的响应等角度出发,结合物源和年代学工作,证明构造活跃地区的湖相沉积有连续记录中强地震事件的潜力。

已取得的部分成果发表在GSA Bulletin、Quaternary Science Reviews、Journal of Geophysical Research、Geomorphology等国际地学主流期刊上。研究课题包括国家自然科学基金课题、地震动力学国家重点实验室自选课题、所长基金等。


教育背景:

2000-2004年   中科院地质与地球物理所,第四纪地质学专业,博士

1997-2000年   山东科技大学地球科学系,矿产普查与勘探专业,硕士

1993-1997年   山东矿业学院地球科学系,地质工程专业,本科


工作经历:

2014-至今      中国地震局地质研究所,研究员

2008-2014年   中国地震局地质研究所,副研究员

2004-2008年    中科院地质与地球物理所地球物理学博士后流动站,博士后,合作导师:朱日祥 研究员

 

研究方向

新生代地质环境与孢粉植物群演化;湖沼地震学


学术任职

2017-至今  中国间冰期气候与环境专业委员会,委员

2017-至今  中国矿物岩石地球化学学会,会员

2016-至今  中国地震学会构造地貌专业委员会,委员

2012-至今  中国第四纪科学研究会,会员

 

国际合作与交流

2009.12-2010.1月:美国加州理工大学,学术交流与访问

2008.12-2009.1月:美国加州理工大学,学术交流与访问

 

承担科研项目

新疆艾比湖地区全新世地震事件研究,所长基金重点项目(编号: IGCEA1906),2019.01-2022.12,项目负责人

湖北习家店古新世河湖相沉积记录的高热事件研究,国家自然科学基金面上项目(编号: 41572346),2016.01-2020.12,项目负责人

快速湖相沉积对历史地震的响应研究-以岷江上游地区和银川盆地为例,地震动力学国家重点实验室自主课题 (编号: LED2013A03) ,2013.05-2016.12,项目负责人

湖北习家店剖面磁性-生物地层记录对始新世全球降温的指示,国家自然科学面上项目,国家自然科学基金委员会重大项目(编号: 40972117),2010.01-2012.12,项目负责人

PETM气候-环境事件及生态效应的陆相高分辨率记录,国家自然科学基金重点项目(编号: 40730208),2008.01-2011.12,项目骨干

固原剖面晚新生代孢粉与地化指标对构造尺度季风演化的指示(编号: 40502017),国家自然科学青年基金,2006.1-2008.12,项目负责人

 

代表论著*表示通讯作者)

Shi, W., Jiang, H.C.*, Mao, X., Xu, H.Y., 2020. Pollen record of climate change during the last deglaciation from the eastern Tibetan Plateau. PLoS ONE 15(5): e0232803. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232803.

Fan, J.W.*, Wei, X.T., Shi, W., Guo, Q.Q., Zhang, S.Q., Xu, H.Y., Song, H.M., Xu, C.X., An, W.L., Jiang, H.C.*, 2020. Response of tree rings to earthquakes during the past 350 years at Jiuzhaigou in the eastern Tibet. Science of the total Environment 731:138714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138714.

Zhong, N., Jiang, H.C.*, Li, H.B., Xu, H.Y., Shi, W., Zhang, S.Q., and Wei, X.T., 2019. Last deglacial soft-sediment deformation at Shawan on the eastern Tibetan Plateau and implications for deformation processes and seismic magnitudes. Acta Geologica Sinica 93, 430-450.

Jiang, H.C.*, Zhong, N., Li, Y.H., Ma, X.L., Xu, H.Y., Shi, W., Zhang, S.Q., Nie, G.Z., 2017. A continuous 13.3-ka record of seismogenic dust events in lacustrine sediments in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Scientific Reports 7:15686, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16027-8.

Jiang, H.C.*, Wan, S.M., Ma, X.L., Zhong, N., and Zhao, D.B., 2017. End-member modeling of the grain-size record of Sikouzi fine sediments in Ningxia (China) and implications for temperature control of Neogene evolution of East Asian winter monsoon. PLoS ONE 12(10): e0186153. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186153

Zhong, N., Song, X.S., Xu, H.Y., Jiang, H.C.*, 2017. Influence of a tectonically active mountain belt on its foreland basin: Evidence from detrital zircon dating of bedrocks and sediments from the eastern Tibetan Plateau and Sichuan Basin, SW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 146, 251-264.

Liang, L.J. and Jiang, H.C.*, 2017. Geochemical composition of the last deglacial lacustrine sediments in East Tibet and implications for provenance, weathering and earthquake events. Quaternary International 430, 41-51.

Jiang, H.C.*, Zhong, N., Li, Y.H., Xu, H.Y., Yang, H.L., Peng, X.P., 2016. Soft sediment deformation structures in the Lixian lacustrine sediments, Eastern Tibetan Plateau and implications for postglacial seismic activity. Sedimentary Geology 344, 123-134.

Jiang, H.C.*, Guo, G.X., Cai, X.M., Thompson, J.A., Xu, H.Y., Zhong, N., 2016. Geochemical evidence of windblown origin of the Late Cenozoic lacustrine sediments in Beijing and implications for weathering and climate change. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 446, 32-43.

Jiang, H.C., Shevenell, A.*, Yu, S., Xu, H.Y., Mao, X., 2015. Decadal- to centennial-scale East Asian summer monsoon variability during the Medieval Climate Anomaly reconstructed from an eastern Tibet lacustrine sequence. Journal of Paleolimnology 54, 205-222.

Xu, H.Y., Jiang, H.C.*, Yu, S., Yang, H.L., Chen, J., 2015. OSL and pollen concentrate 14C dating of dammed lake sediments at Maoxian, east Tibet, and implications for two historical earthquakes in AD 638 and 952. Quaternary International 371, 290-299.

Ma, X.L.* and Jiang, H.C., 2015. Combined tectonics and climate forcing for the widespread aeolian dust accumulation in the Chinese Loess Plateau since the early late Miocene. International Geology Review 57, 1861-1876.

Jiang, H.C.*, Zhong, N., Li, Y.H., Xu, H.Y., Ma, X.L., Meng, Y.F., Mao, X., 2014. Magnetostratigraphy and grain size record of the Xijiadian fluviolacustrine sediments in East China and its implied stepwise enhancement of the westerly circulation during the Eocene period. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 119, 7442-7457.

Jiang, H.C.*, Mao, X., Xu, H.Y., Yang, H.L., Ma, X.L., Zhong, N., Li, Y.H., 2014. Provenance and earthquake signature of the last deglacial Xinmocun lacustrine sediments at Diexi, East Tibet. Geomorphology 204, 518-531.

Jiang, H.C.*, Guo, G.X., Cai, X.M., Xu, H.Y., Ma, X.L., Zhong, N. and Li, Y.H., 2013. A pollen record of the Mid-Pleistocene Transition from Beijing, North China. Journal of Quaternary Science 28, 720-728.

Xu, H.Y., Jiang, H.C.*, Mai, X.S., Ma, X.L., 2013. A new processing method for the pollen samples from Palaeogene red beds in the Liguanqiao Basin, Hubei Province, and Pleistocene loess from the Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary International 286, 45-55.

Ma, X.L., Jiang, H.C.*, Cheng, J., Xu, H.Y., 2012. Spatiotemporal evolution of Paleogene palynoflora in China and its implications for development of the extensional basins in East China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 184, 24-35.

Jiang, H.C.*, Mao, X., Xu, H.Y., Thompson, J., Wang, P., Ma, X.L., 2011. Last glacial pollen record from Lanzhou (Northwestern China) and possible forcing mechanisms for the MIS 3 climate change in Middle to East Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 769-781.

Jiang, H.C.*, Mao, X., Xu, H.Y., Thompson, J., Ma, X.L., 2010. ~4 Ma coarsening of sediments from Baikal, Chinese Loess Plateau and South China Sea and implications for the onset of NH glaciation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 298, 201-209.

Jiang, H.C.* and Ding, Z.L., 2010. Eolian grain-size signature of the Sikouzi lacustrine sediments (Chinese Loess Plateau): Implications for Neogene evolution of the East Asian winter monsoon. Geological Society of America Bulletin 122, 843-854.

Jiang, H.C.*, Wang, P., Thompson, J., Ding, Z.L., Lu, Y.C., 2009. Last glacial climate instability documented by coarse-grained sediments within the loess sequence, at Fanjiaping, Lanzhou, China. Quaternary Research 72, 91-102.

Jiang, H.C.*, Ding, Z.L., 2009. Spatial and temporal characteristics of Neogene palynoflora in China and its implication for the spread of steppe vegetation. Journal of Arid Environments 73, 765-772.

Jiang, H.C.*, Ji, J.L., Gao, L., Tang, Z.H., Ding, Z.L., 2008. Cooling-driven climate change at 12-11 Ma: multiproxy records from a long fluviolacustrine sequence at Guyuan, Ningxia, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 265, 148-158.

Jiang, H.C.*, Ding, Z.L., 2008. A 20 Ma pollen record of East-Asian summer monsoon evolution from Guyuan, Ningxia, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 265, 30-38.

Jiang, H.C.*, Ding, Z.L., Xiong, S.F., 2007. Magnetostratigraphy of the Neogene Sikouzi section at Guyuan, Ningxia, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 243, 223-234.

Jiang, H.C.*, Ding, Z.L., 2005. Temporal and spatial changes of vegetation cover on the Chinese Loess Plateau through the last glacial cycle: evidence from spore-pollen records. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 133, 23-37.

Xu, H.Y.*, Jiang, H.C., Liu, K., Zhong, N., 2020. Potential pollen evidence for the 1933 M7.5 Diexi earthquake and implications for post-seismic landscape recovery. Environmental Research Letters 15:094043.

Zhong, N.*, Li, H.B., Jiang, H.C., Lu, H.J., Zheng, Y., Han, S., Ye, J.C., 2020. Typical soft-sediment deformation structures induced by freeze/thaw cycles: a case study of Quaternary alluvial deposits in the northern Qiangtang Basin, Tibetan Plateau. Acta Geologica Sinica 94, 176-188.

Liang, L.J.*, Dai, F.C., Jiang, H.C., Zhong, N., 2018. A preliminary study on the soft-sediment deformation structures in the late Quaternary lacustrine sediments at Tashkorgan, northeastern Pamir, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 92, 1574-1591.

Ji, J.L.*, Luo, P., White, P., Jiang, H.C., Gao, L., Ding, Z.L., 2008. Episodic uplift of the Tianshan Mountains since the late Oligocene constrained by magnetostratigraphy of the Jingou River section, in the southern margin of the Junggar Basin, China. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, B05102, doi: 10.1029/2007JB005064.


获奖与荣誉

2014年获中国地震局防震减灾科技成果二等奖(省部级),排名第六


研究生培养情况

1、合作指导博士后一名:梁莲姬(2015年出站)

2、培养博士生两名:钟宁(2017年毕业),时伟(2020年毕业)

3、培养硕士生一名:李艳豪(2015年毕业)

4、与中国地质大学(北京)联合培养硕士生5名:毛雪(2011年毕业),马小林(2012年毕业),钟宁(2013年毕业),彭小平(2017年毕业),张斯琪(2019年毕业)